How Many Types of CNC Machines


Types of CNC Machines

You must be familiar with the importance of CNC machines. If you ever worked in a field that uses such machines then you should also know about how many types of CNC machines are there. Let’s start with a simple explanation of what a CNC machine is.

CNC machine needs a computer system to operate that is executed when the program is feed on it. Only two of the subjects are used to operate CNC machines, one is CAD and the second is CAM.

CAD is known as Computer-aided Design that helps in understanding the structure of a machine and its tools. On the other hand, CAM is known as Computer-aided Manufacturing, which is just like CAD. However, it handles the manufacturing section as compared to CAD that handles the design part.

Before moving on the types of CNC machines let’s have a look at how many parts a machine has.

How Many Parts a CNC Machine Have?

Below you will find a list of parts used in a CNC machine:

  • Bed
  • Chuck
  • Tailstock
  • Headstock
  • Tailstock quill
  • Footswitch or pedal
  • Tool turret
  • Control panel

These are all the parts of a CNC machine and each one of them serves a different function. You will find them working separately in their reserved area of working. Some of them are interlinked and some of them work independently.

It might be possible that you have to check the whole machine if a part needs some repairing. That’s why you need to be extra careful while performing the function. Though beginners can operate it easily, still sometimes some features are not easy to operate for the beginners.

In that case, you need to learn CNC machining deeply so that you don’t face any trouble.

Understanding CNC Machining

If you have a bit know-how of CNC machine you must be familiar that such machines worked on the subtractive built-up rule. In this rule, the final product comes into shape after taking off the surplus material that does not need to be in the end product.

Do you have any idea which types of CNC machines worked on this rule?

Let’s dig out how many types of CNC machines exist and find out which is the best one for you.

How Many Types of CNC Machines

Here is a list of all the available types of CNC machines you can choose from.

  1. CNC Laser cutting machine
  2. CNC Lathe Machine
  3. CNC Milling Machine
  4. CNC router Machine
  5. CNC Plasma Cutting Machine
  6. 5- axis machine
  7. 3-D Printer
  8. Pick and Place Machine

CNC Laser-Cutting Machine

CNC Laser-Cutting Machine

Cutting tough and hard material is not easy and for this, we need some really powerful machine. Isn’t it?

CNC laser cutting machines are used for such operations when a strong material needs to cut. These types of CNC machines use laser technology to perform this function.

With a laser, cutting accuracy level is higher; however, plasma torches are more powerful than laser tech.

Usually, laser cutting CNC machines consist of three laser types such as CO2, neodymium (Nd) or yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Nd: YAG).

CNC Lathe Machine

CNC Lathe Machine 

As you already know CNC machines use a computer system to operate and only coding is used for full functioning.

The programming language that is used to operate this machine is G code that helps to finish the lathe procedure timely and precisely.

The lathe is a simple rotary piece of work and the main working machine that is used is called a rotary cutter.

The shaping parts often appear as car screw patterns, round rods or tubes, boring holes and teeth. The efficiency and the level of accuracy are increased in the CNC lathes whereas typical lathe process is still not updated.

CNC Milling Machine

CNC Milling Machine 

In a typical milling machine, you can see the spindle covered with a tool holder that you can change with several milling tools. Moreover, you can even fix axis rotates.

In CNC milling machine, you can simply adjust the rotation speed and the piece of work can easily be moved upward and downward position to fix the ground base.

Besides, all these functions, you can move the bed with three axes including left/right, front/back and on the bed.

G code is used in the CNC milling machine to calculate the programming and it can also deal with the operation procedure of the milling machine using the XYZ (three-axis).

You can change these machines into vertical and horizontal machines at any time.

CNC Routers

CNC Routers

Understating about the CNC machine usually comes up with a piece of machinery called CNC routers.

These machines are specifically designed to be used for CNC technology and normally there is zero human edges rather than a computer.

Routers are used highly for the manufacturing of bigger parts and most likely they are designed for cutting plastics, wood and sheet metal.

The router also works on 3 axis setup that simply allows you to cut pocket, profiles and 3-dimensional machining.

Other than 3 axes, there are 4, 5 and 6 axis routers available. Typical axes are used to rotate the tool because they are rotary.

Archetype products and shapes are made with these types of CNC machines.

Plasma Cutting Machine

Plasma Cutting Machine

A cutting procedure that works on the electrically conductive rule and cuts materials with the help of a speedy jet of hot plasma is called the Plasma cutting machine.

On the other hand, CNC Plasma cutting machine works with a computer that directs system numerically.

Plasma the cutting machine is one of the types of CNC machines that are invented just as the industry grows.

5-Axis CNC Machines

5-Axis CNC MachinesIn 3 axis machine, you work on three axis X, Y, and Z that operates at the same time.

When we talk about more advanced machine, it is 5-axis that uses rotations and are correspondingly work with the bed and spindle movement.

With 5 axis machines, you can experience working on multidimensional rotation as well as toll movement that let you make complex and defined parts.

All it happens just because of the advanced access to undercuts and thorough pockets, speed and matchless finishing that commonly used for a greater level of applications.

3-D Printer 

3-D Printer

This type of CNC machine prints the metals layer by layer.

CAD and CAM procedure is used for drawing and design. Later 3-D printer is used for picturing that particular design.

Pick and Place Machine

Pick and Place MachineAnother valuable CNC machine that is highly used in the industry is called Pick and Place machine.

With the help of this machine, you can sort out or assemble a huge bulk of items in a short time.

A huge amount of items can be adjusted manually but it takes lots of time.

Here comes the role of Pick and Place machine that works automatically as you command.


CNC Electric Discharge Machines

EDM or Electric Discharge Machining is used to make a specific kind of figure within the specially designed shape by using electrical discharge or starts. From a specific piece of work, the material is ejected using a chain of repeatedly electrical discharge between two anodes.

These two anodes are separated with a dielectric liquid that consistently finds an electric voltage.

So, here comes the end of the types of CNC machines. Now, you don’t need to suffer because you are familiar with the brief introduction of each CNC machine.

Let’s have a quick view on some applications of CNC machines.

Applications of CNC Machine

Below is a list of the applications of CNC machines:

  • Mainly CNC machines are used to take out metal speedily as compared to a traditional machine such as milling or lathe machine.
  • Fabrication industries also use different types of CNC machines.
  • You can get rid of the extra material from the metal of your workpiece. On the other hand, lather and milling machines take away the metal manually.

Select the best CNC machine that suits you and create awesome designs.

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